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Open Data

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Panel proposed by Ministère de l’Économie, de la Science et de l’Innovation (MÉSI)

With public information now considered common property worldwide, laws and guidelines in some countries require that certain public data be published in digital format. And with the advent of digital technology, open data has revolutionized transparency within municipal, provincial, and federal government. Yet there is no doubt that the concept of open data remains vague and little known to the general public. This panel will seek to shed light on the issue by answering the following questions:

  • What is open data? (Each participant can give their own definition)
  • What criteria make data open?
  • What is the history of open data?
  • When did the concept of open data arise and develop in the science world?
  • Why is open data disseminated?
  • What types of data can be made open?
  • Can all data be made open (e.g., personal information)?
  • What are the challenges for researchers, businesses, government ministries and agencies, etc.?
  • What uses of public data should be allowed?
  • What is the status of open data in Québec? (The experience of Données Québec, the province’s collaborative hub for open data)
  • How do we overcome the main problems of using open data in each panelist’s field of expertise? (Panelists can share best practices, projects, special approaches, etc.)
  • What open data can be found online?
  • What are the benefits of open data for the various stakeholders?

Lastly, examples of open data in panelists’ fields of expertise and examples of available open data formats will be shared.


Nathalie Aerens, Director of the Programming and Executive Management Support Group, OURANOS
Nathalie Aerens holds a master's degree in environment from the University of Sherbrooke and an engineering degree from the Catholic University of Louvain. She worked for nearly ten years as a strategic and technological innovation advisor, particularly for the aerospace sector. At Ouranos since 2010, she is managing the legal and administrative aspects of the partnerships and supporting the mechanisms governing the research programs on climate change.

Daniel J. Caron, Professor at École Nationale d'Administration Publique (ÉNAP) and teacher at the School of Public Policy and Administration at Carleton University
Daniel J. Caron holds a master degree in economics from Laval University and a PhD in Human Applied Sc. from Montreal University. He is professor at ENAP and teaches at the School of Public Policy and Administration at Carleton University. He is one of the co-chairs of the panel on transparency at the International Research Society for Public Management. He previously worked more than thirty years in the Canadian federal government.

Steve GauthierSecrétariat du Conseil du trésor
Steve Gauthier has been working for the Government of Quebec for more than 5 years. He is in charge of the implementation of measures related to the open government.


Paola TubaroSenior Research Scientist, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
Paola Tubaro researches economic and social transformations related to digital technologies and data. She is particularly interested in the value and governance of data in the ‘collaborative economy’ of internet platforms, and in online health communities. 

Marie-Ève Bilodeau, Consulting Analyst, Direction du développement de la relève, Ministère de l’Économie, de la Science et de l’Innovation
Marie-Ève Bilodeau has worked for the Government of Québec for over fourteen years. She holds a bachelor’s degree in public communication and is currently pursuing a master’s at École nationale d’administration publique. Marie-Ève Bilodeau has held a variety of government positions (mostly in communications), coordinated projects of all kinds, and managed strategic and key files.